The study, based on a sample survey of over 800 young
people between the ages of 10 and 24 and their parents, shows the relationship
between various aspects of young people´s lives. Education is a key to employment and within
this one low-income community there are important variations in educational
- -Young people
whose parents can read or have themselves completed ensino fundamental or grade
school are more likely than other young people to be one year or less behind
grade level or to have not failed a grade.
- -Failing a year
at school was related to being male and to having a higher number of other
young people living in the household.
- -Young people
overwhelmingly blamed themselves, not the quality of the schools in their
community, for failing at school. Young
people overwhelmingly blamed their incapacity to learn for the chief reason for
failing at school.
- -40% of young
people who were working had a work card.
Not surpisingly, older youth were more likely to have a work card than
younger youth. But also young people who
had completed ensino fundamental were more likely to have a work card than
those who had not.
- -Younger youth
were more likely to work in their own communities, older youth outside their
communities. This finding suggests that
the level of economic activity in low-income communities is an important
condition for helping young people establish their work lives.
- -Most young
people found their first jobs through family and friendship networks. While this finding indicates the richness of
such connections in low-income communities, it suggests that youth from
low-income communities could well be disadvantaged in finding work in the
formal economy outside their neighborhoods.
growing concern in Brazil
about the number of young people who are neither involved in work or
schooling. A much higher percentage of
young women, (35%) than young men (17%) in the Caju sample fall into this
category, a difference explainable by the young women who had children of their
own or other domestic responsibilities.
This research, which will soon appear in its complete
form on the CIESPI web site, complements a major CIESPI project, Connecting Youth
in Low-Income Neigborhoods in Rio de Janeiro
to Work. This CIESPI project, funded by
FINEP and coordinated by Alexandre Soares, examines strategies for improving
such connections with a special concentration on five low-income communities in
Rio and in the context of community economic
For more information contact Malcolm Bush:
firstname.lastname@example.org and Alexandre Soares: Aleprofisional@yahoo.com.br